Dengue- Symptoms, treatment, Home remedies and Prevention
Dengue fever is a disease caused by a virus transmitted by mosquitoes.
The World Health Organisation says, “Dengue is a viral infection transmitted by the bite of an infected female Aedes mosquito. There are four distinct serotypes of the dengue virus (DEN 1, DEN 2, DEN 3 and DEN 4).
Symptoms of Dengue
• Sudden, high fever
• Severe headache
• Pain behind the eyes
• Severe joint and muscle pain
• Fatigue and exhaustion
• Nausea and vomiting
• Skin rash
• Low blood pressure
• Bleeding gums
Dengue is also known by other names, including “breakbone fever” or “dandy fever.” There are currently no vaccines for dengue fever. The best way to prevent the disease is to avoid being bitten by mosquitoes.
Dengue fever can vary from mild to severe; the most severe forms include dengue shock syndrome and dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF). Patients who develop the more serious forms of dengue fever usually need to be hospitalized.
Treatment – Home remedies
With the help of blood test, Doctors can diagnose dengue infection. There are no particular medicines to cure the same since it’s caused by a virus but you are advised to rest and drink plenty of fluids. People are searching some natural remedies to control this disease. Here, are few of them.
Giloy: Giloy is a very important herb in Ayurveda. It helps in maintaining the metabolic rate, strengthening the immune system and protects your body against infections, explains Dr. Gargi Sharma from New Delhi. She recommends that you boil the stems and serve it as an herbal drink. You can also add few Tulsi leaves in the drink.
2) Papaya Leaves: “It helps in increasing the platelet count and reduces the symptoms of fever like body ache, chills, feeling low, getting tired easily and nausea,” says Dr. Gargi. You can crush the leaves and consume or drink the juice which helps in flushing out the toxins.
3) Fenugreek Leaves: These leaves are known to reduce fever and act as a sedative to ease pain and promote more restful sleep for patients. You can soak the leaves in water and then drink it or you can get methi powder and mix it with water and have it.
4) Goldenseal: Goldenseal is a herb whose dried root is used to make medicine. It has the ability to clear up the symptoms of dengue fever very quickly and eliminate the virus from the body. You use it in the same way like papaya leaves either by crushing and chewing or by juicing it.
5) Turmeric: It is also known to boost metabolism and helps in making the healing process faster. You can consume turmeric along with milk.
6) Tulsi leaves and black pepper : Dr. Simran Saini from New Delhi suggests to consume a drink made by boiling Tulsi leaves and adding about 2 grams of black pepper to it. This drink helps in building your immunity and acts as an antibacterial element.
How to prevent dengue
You can prevent the risk of the disease by keeping your surroundings clean and wearing protective clothing.
• The dengue mosquito typically attacks during the day and below the elbow and below the knee. They are generally active in the time period of August-October and do not breed when the temperature falls. Reduce the mosquito habitat by removing standing water around your house.
• You could turn to natural repellents like Lemon Eucalyptus Oil, Lavender, Neem Oil and Cinnamon Oil to protect yourself against mosquito bites.
• There are a number of plants that have mosquito repellent properties like feverfew, citronella catnip and lavender. Place them around your house to keep mosquitoes away. Even herbs like garlic, lemongrass, basil, peppermint, rosemary may help.
Source : food.ndtv.com and medicinenet.com